Author: Dr. Priyanka Mohan
Qualification: MBBS, MS(OBG), FMAS, DMAS, FRM
The world is getting more aware of what they choose to eat, how their lifestyle looks, and what healthy implementations they can bring to lead a happier and healthier life. However, a lot is yet to be achieved, and there are still people around us who face various diseases that affect the quality of their lives. Some of these problems are common in men and some in women, while the complications are common in a few cases in both.
Male and female infertility and diabetes are two prime examples, and in this segment, we will shed some light on their relationship and provide some more information.
The term diabetes can be understood as a condition that exists when the blood sugar of a person’s blood glucose exceeds the normal range. Blood glucose is one of the critical foundations of energy in the human body extracted from our food. The primary anabolic hormone here is insulin which is generated by the pancreas. It allows the body to take on sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food we consume for energy or store them for further use.
At times, there may arise a condition where the body cannot develop the required insulin or does not capitalise on its proper usage. The glucose stays in the blood without reaching the cells. With the high amount of glucose in the blood, a person may face several health issues. Diabetes has been categorised into various types, namely Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and others such as monogenic diabetes.
Diabetes & Infertility
Now that we know the basics about diabetes, there is one crucial thing that most people don’t know—the link between diabetes and fertility issues in men and women with diabetes. Sources have suggested that a couple can have reduced chances of getting pregnant if they have diabetes.
Diabetes & Male Fertility
Infertility issue is unpleasant for many and is identified as the condition where the couple is unable to conceive despite performing regular unprotected intercourse for more than a year. One should know that diabetes has been a critical factor in male fertility, and it can cause infertility in men. However, it doesn’t make a person infertile with certainty, but there are high chances of becoming less fertile. A man who has had diabetes for a long time may experience sexual issues such as retrograde ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. These conditions can bring trouble during the period of conceiving. This will need urgent treatment from the fertility experts in Bangalore to counter the issues and lead a healthy life. Sperm quality has also been reduced in a diabetic person compared to a normal and healthy man. Type 1 diabetes explicitly attacks insulin-producing cells, creating problems with blood sugar regulation.
Diabetes & Female Fertility
Unlike a male, there has been no evidence from the fertility test for women that states that diabetes makes it difficult to get pregnant. However, diabetes can make things complicated for a woman to stay pregnant, especially if they have been suffering from it. One of the complications caused by diabetes is the deficiency of glucose control in the woman’s body, leading to decreased implantation rates and increased chances of miscarriage and abnormalities in the baby.
Suppose a woman maintains a good range of blood sugar levels; in that case, it will regularise their menstrual cycle, countering the risk of miscarriage, a big baby or a baby that would need intensive care post-birth. At the same time, a male can witness a decrease in sexual dysfunction.
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