What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
is a condition in which the ovaries develop an abnormally large number of small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) and an abnormally high level of androgens, male sex hormones that are normally present in low levels in women.
Common causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Although the direct cause of PCOS
is still unknown, experts suggest that it might occur as a result of hereditary factors, inflammation, excess androgen production, etc. Another common reason for PCOS is insulin production. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body use sugar from food for energy. Insulin resistance affects up to 70% of PCOS women, which means their cells are unable to properly use insulin. When cells are unable to use insulin properly, the body’s demand for insulin rises. To make up for this, the pancreas produces more insulin. Extra insulin stimulates the ovaries, causing them to produce more male hormones.
The Symptoms of PCOS
The initial symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
can be subtle, and many suffering from the condition may not even be aware of it. Some women experience symptoms around the time of their first period. Others learn they have PCOS after gaining a lot of weight or having trouble getting pregnant.
Some of the most common PCOS symptoms include:
Tests for PCOS
- Irregular menstruation.
- Heavy bleeding.
- Hair growth.
- Weight gain.
- Skin discolouration.
There is no one-size-fits-all test for PCOS. Your doctor will almost certainly start by reviewing your medical history, including menstrual cycles and weight fluctuations. A physical examination will look for signs of overgrowth of hair, insulin resistance, and acne.
Your doctor may then recommend that you take a:
If you have PCOS, your fertility doctor
may recommend additional tests to rule out any complications. Among these are the following tests:
PCOS treatment: How to get rid of PCOS
- Blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels should all be checked.
- Screening for depression and anxiety.
- Screening for obstructive sleep apnea.
There is no one single cure for PCOS.
Typically, PCOS treatment
begins with lifestyle changes such as weight loss, diet, and exercise. Losing 5 to 10% of your body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and alleviate the symptoms of PCOS. Any diet that promotes weight loss can help your condition. Some diets, on the other hand, may have certain advantages over others.
- According to studies comparing PCOS diets, low carbohydrate diets are effective for both weight loss and lowering insulin levels.
- To regulate your menstrual cycle, your doctor may advise you to take a combination of birth control pills.
- To help you ovulate, your doctor may advise you to take oral ovulogeus like letrozole Clomiphene.
- Another medication is Metformin. This type 2 diabetes oral medication reduces insulin levels and improves insulin resistance.
Lifestyle changes are usually the first treatments for PCOS
that doctors recommend, and they are frequently effective. Weight loss is widely considered to be among the most effective PCOS solutions
that can help increase your chances of becoming pregnant. Diet and aerobic exercise are two effective methods for losing weight.
Although the direct cause of PCOS is still not known, its early diagnosis can only be constructive and useful in relieving the symptoms, thus reducing the chances of further complications. It can be very effective in helping you manage concerns like infertility, acne, hirsutism, obesity, etc. So, if you’re someone who’s concerned about your reproductive health, visit us at one of our Motherhood IVF hospitals. And even if you are suffering from symptoms of PCOS, don’t lose hope as there are a range of advanced therapies available today to improve your chances of getting pregnant. Our experts at Motherhood IVF can provide you with the best advice on dealing with PCOS and its symptoms. Equipped with world class amenities and infrastructure, Motherhood IVF hospitals are among India’s leading centres for different kinds of fertility treatments.