Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse for women under the age of 30 and 6 months for women above the age of 35.
With passage of time, infertility has become a major cause of concern in the health sector around the world. Infertility cases in couples are increasing at an alarming pace, especially in major metropolitan cities. The cause varies from lifestyle, genetics to Age and medical conditions.
TYPES OF INFERTILITY
Infertility can be broadly divided into 2 major categories:
- Primary:-This refers to couples who have never conceived with them indulging in unprotected sex for more than a year.
- Secondary:-This is the inability to conceive after a couple has successfully conceive and achieved a live birth but is unable to achieve another pregnancy.
Facts & Figures:
- Female factors account for 30% of the infertility cases.
- Male factors account for another 30% of infertility cases.
- Remaining 30% cases account to combined factors.
- Only 10% infertility cases account from unexplained factors.
WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY IN WOMEN
- Ovulation Disorders: – It is one of the major cause of infertility in female which is experienced by around 25% couples having difficulty in conceiving.
- Female eggs don’t grow appropriately because of which the quality of female eggs are not beneficial.
- The quality of female eggs are not befitting.
- Female eggs are not discharged from follicles of the ovaries.
- Uterine or cervical abnormalities: -Uterine is a pear shaped organ in which a baby develops when a women get pregnant while the cervix is the lowest part of the uterus which attaches uterus to the vagina.
- Abnormalities with the cervical opening or abnormalities in the shape of the uterus
- Uterine Polyps- are growth attachments formed in the inner wall of uterus.
- Tumors in the uterine wall
- Fallopian tube damage or blockage– Fallopian tubes are two fine tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus. They are responsible for carrying the female eggs to the uterus.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease- It is a disease caused by a bacteria that spreads from vagina and the cervix.
- Fibroids- Are abnormal growths that develop in a women’s uterus which causes blockage.
- Endometriosis– It’s a type of disorder in which the tissues form the inner lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterine cavity. This lining is called the Endometriosis.
- Primary Ovarian insufficiency or early menopause– Also known as the premature ovarian failure (POF) which occurs when the ovaries stop functioning before the age of 40.
- Auto Immune Disorder- Is a condition which arises when the body’s immune system reacts to a normal body part.
- Genetic Disorders- Such as Turner syndrome which is a chromosomal condition that causes early loss of ovulation in females.